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Many Americans rely on their automobiles to get to work. No automobile means no job, no rent or mortgage money, no food. A single parent, struggling to make ends meet in the suburbs with 100,000 miles on the odometer, would presumably welcome the guaranteed opportunity for low-priced insurance that would take care of every possible repair on her auto until the day that it reaches 200,000 miles or falls apart, whichever comes first. Especially if the insurance is valid regardless of whether she even changes the oil in the interim.

So why aren't the auto insurance companies writing such coverage, either directly or through used auto dealers? And given the importance of reliable transportation, why isn't the public demanding such coverage? The answer is that both auto insurers and the public know that such insurance can't be written for a premium the insured can afford, while still allowing the insurers to stay solvent and make a profit. As a society, we intuitively understand that the costs associated with taking care of every mechanical need of an old automobile, particularly in the absence of regular maintenance, aren't insurable. Yet we don't seem to have these same intuitions with respect to health insurance.

If we pull the emotions out of health insurance, which is admittedly hard to do even for this author, and look at health insurance from the economic perspective, there are several insights from auto insurance that can illuminate the design, risk selection, and rating of health insurance.

Auto insurance comes in two forms: the traditional insurance you buy from your agent or direct from an insurance company, and warranties that are purchased from auto manufacturers and dealers. Both are risk transfer and sharing devices and I'll generically refer to both as insurance. Because auto third-party liability insurance has no equivalent in health insurance, for traditional auto insurance, I'll examine only collision and comprehensive insurance -- insurance covering the vehicle -- and not third-party liability insurance.

Bumper to Bumper

The following are some commonly accepted principles from auto insurance:

* Bad maintenance voids certain insurance. If an automobile owner never changes the oil, the auto's power train warranty is void. In fact, not only does the oil need to be changed, the change needs to be performed by a certified mechanic and documented. Collision insurance doesn't cover cars purposefully driven over a cliff.

* The best insurance is offered for new models. Bumper-to-bumper warranties are offered only on new cars. As they roll off the assembly line, automobiles have a low and relatively consistent risk profile, satisfying the actuarial test for insurance pricing. Furthermore, auto manufacturers usually wrap at least some coverage into the price of the new auto in order to encourage an ongoing relationship with the owner.

* Limited insurance is offered for old model autos. Increasingly limited insurance is offered for old model autos. The bumper-to-bumper warranty expires, the power train warranty eventually expires, and the amount of collision and comprehensive insurance steadily decreases based on the market value of the auto.

* Certain older autos qualify for additional insurance. Certain older autos can qualify for additional coverage, either in terms of warranties for used autos or increased collision and comprehensive insurance for vintage autos. But such insurance is offered only after a careful inspection of the automobile itself.

* No insurance is offered for normal wear and tear. Wiper blades need replacement, brake pads wear out, and bumpers get dings. These aren't insurable events. To the extent that a new car dealer will sometimes cover some of these costs, we intuitively understand that we're "paying for it" in the cost of the automobile and that it's "not really" insurance.

* Accidents are the only insurable event for the oldest automobiles. Accidents are generally insurable events even for the oldest autos; with few exceptions service work isn't.

* Insurance doesn't restore all vehicles to pre-accident condition. Auto insurance is limited. If the damage to the auto at any age exceeds the value of the auto, the insurer then pays only the value of the auto. With the exception of vintage autos, the value assigned to the auto goes down over time. So whereas accidents are insurable at any vehicle age, the amount of the accident insurance is increasingly limited.

* Insurance is priced to the risk. Insurance is priced based on the risk profile of both the automobile and the driver. The auto insurer carefully examines both when setting rates.

* We pay for our own insurance. And with few exceptions, automobile insurance isn't tax deductible. As a result, the fear of increasing insurance rates due to traffic violations and/or accidents changes our driving behavior and we sometimes select our automobiles based on their insurability.

Each of the above principles is supported by solid actuarial theory. Although most Americans can't describe the underlying actuarial theories, most everyone understands the above principles of auto insurance at the intuitive level. For sure, as indispensable automobiles are to our lifestyles, there is no loud national movement, accompanied by moral outrage, to change these principles.

Unsustainable Market

In contrast, similar principles are routinely violated in health insurance. To demonstrate this, let's return to the same suburban mother from the opening paragraph. She's busy working, driving to and from work, and driving her kids to school and activities. She ends each day exhausted, sitting on the couch with fast food. She's obese, has a sedentary life, a bad diet, and hasn't taken the time to go to the doctor in years. After a simple injury doesn't heal for weeks, she turns up at the emergency room and learns she has type II diabetes. Although type II diabetes is controllable, changing diet and exercise habits and properly tracking her condition takes time and effort and she's never quite successful in implementing the necessary lifestyle changes.

So the initial emergency room visit is only the first of a long list of health care related to non-controlled diabetes and other problems associated with obesity. Whether she has individual or group insurance, her insurance pays for each episode of care, without singling her out for a premium increase, and without charging her any more cost sharing than is charged to the healthiest and most medically diligent insureds. Her coverage continues until she voluntarily changes insurance companies and/or employers or becomes eligible for Medicare. If she's covered under group insurance she may not even pay any premium. Her insurance continues unabated, even though the disease was caused by neglecting her body and she maintains her poor lifestyle even after the disease becomes known.

This just wouldn't happen in auto insurance. This scenario is the auto insurance equivalent of guaranteed access to low-priced auto insurance that takes care of every possible repair, including damage already done, until the day the car falls apart so completely it's unsalvageable (death) or reaches 200,000 miles (Medicare), regardless of whether she even changes the oil (takes care of herself) in the interim.

As a society, we don't expect this in private-market auto insurance, but we expect it in private-market health insurance. Furthermore, there's a chorus of national and state interests, which continuously pushes us further away from the auto insurance principles.

The current private health insurance market isn't sustainable. Prices have been consistently increasing faster than inflation for decades. Each year, insureds use more health care than ever before and more people have no insurance at all. Most actuaries and other people in the private health insurance market don't want national health insurance with its bureaucracy and one-size-fits-all benefits. Yet, we're trying to sustain a private insurance system, which violates the very principles we know are necessary for private insurance markets.

Yes, health insurance involves the sacredness of human life and is therefore different from auto insurance. But if we're to sustain a private-market solution to health insurance, actuaries need to explain to the larger society, in terms that society understands, the rationale for the following principles:

* As sacred as health care is, it's still an economic transaction that has to be balanced by individuals and societies, against other economic choices. It can't be unlimited. Sometimes it will be secondary to other choices. On a given day, for example, the mother in our scenario may value her car more than her health.

* Insurance premiums should be paid by the individual and tied to controllable risk factors. This will provide the best incentive for the control of risk factors.

* Although it's hard to draw the line between abuse, neglect and ignorance, self-abuse shouldn't be insured and we need to draw that line somewhere.

* The private market can't provide unlimited, self-directed health insurance.

* Routine care and ongoing treatments of chronic conditions can be pre-funded, can even be subsidized, but they don't constitute "insurable events."

* Insurance can't be expected to keep every human body in pristine condition. No amount of health care will prevent everyone's ultimate death.

* Comprehensive, unlimited, non-subsidized private-market coverage isn't possible for people with severely impaired health.

* The private health market can provide limited non-subsidized health insurance, such as protection from accidents, to even health-impaired individuals.

* Individuals who can afford to do so and who take good care of themselves should be able to "buy up" to better coverage. People have the option of buying up for everything else in life.

Discussion of these principles is lacking from most of the current health insurance debate. If society can intuitively understand how similar principles apply to health insurance, then they should be able understand the principles in the health insurance context. We need to initiate the debate.

This commentary is solely the opinion of its author. It does not express the official policy of the American Academy of Actuaries; nor does it necessarily reflect the opinions of the Academy's individual officers, members, or staff

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Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Patt_Carpenter/91922
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Compare Cheap Insurance Quotes - Save Time and Money by Comparing Cheap Insurance Quotes

How does your decision to compare cheap insurance quotes on the internet help you save precious time and money? The insurance market has become so competitive that it is impossible to identify a single insurance company as the best one around. There are many variable factors including the type of insurance that one wants, income and lifestyle of the individual, the asset that one wants to insure and the amount of premium that one is prepared to pay. In such a scenario, one cannot blame an individual for opting to compare cheap insurance quotes instead of entering the confusing world of insurance analysis.

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How do you save money when you compare cheap insurance quotes? If you opt for quotes comparison, chances are very high that you will quickly identify the cheapest and most beneficial insurance policy for your life, car, home or any other asset. You will get a clear tabular analysis which will tell you how much one has to pay for each and every policy under consideration. If you do not compare cheap insurance quotes, you will have to prepare a comparative statement manually. This is next to impossible considering the fact that the average individual is rarely, if ever, conversant with how insurance policies work.

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It is important to compare insurance quotes before getting signed up with an insurance policy. When you compare insurance quotes you can rest assured you are saving both time and money because you are guaranteed to get the lowest insurance quote, Given the current recession it is important to make sure to prioritize your money and compare insurance quotes online. A good place to state would be an online website that actually allows you to compare insurance quotes online for free.

What to Look Out For in the Best Forex Online Trading Platform

  1. What to Look Out For in the Best Forex Online Trading Platform
  2. What do you need to look out for in the best Forex online trading platform? Customisability in all aspects. A platform should take into account that each investor has his or her own methods and mechanics, and that should be able to be translated directly into the mainframe of the trading platform. Too often investors get stuck with rigid programmes that do not have the flexibility needed to adapt to the character of the investor. While market psychology is very important in all respects, individual investor psychology is also one of the most important things and when one invests, one has to be comfortable with the platform that they are using.

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Another important thing is ease of use. It is appreciated that there has been a lot of mathematics and technology put into the software programme but it should be forced into the investor as a matrix in which he will be using to interface with the Forex market. The platform has to be easy to understand and easy to use so much so that even the casual investor can understand its mechanisms and start to use it right away. Investing already is difficult and investors and prospectors of a market commodity should have to be wrestling with steep learning curves when it comes to working out their trading platform. In every sense of the word, trading should be easy to spark - there are so many other aspects of the trade that need learning and practice, and the platform should not be one of them.

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The best platforms out there have a lot of mathematics behind it, and this is because those who created the programme understood that currency and currency behaviour is ruled by algebraic equations in an economic environment. A good Forex trading platform should be able to crunch a whole host of numbers and give you the latest price feeds. A good platform also is able to give you tips and hints, as well as warnings when it comes to you making the wrong decisions. Just imagine it as your electronic broker - who takes the place of your real life broker when you are investing from home or even from your office. While your broker has to accommodate hundreds of investors, a platform should be the reliable tool you need to guide you the right way.

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One the last few things about a Forex trading platform is that it should be fast - being able to match the speed of the market's liquidity. Order fills, broker communication and currency purchasing options should be done within a few clicks of the mouse and this brings me to another point that most people overlook. Support from the company who sold you or provided you with the platform. There should be an end to end communication and technical support just in case anything goes wrong and it should be clearly delineated within the first few moments of you singing the agreement or filling out a purchase order. Recognise the features that separate the mediocre from the outstanding Forex online trading platform.

Online Masters Degree Programs - What You Should Know

For those who are considering attaining their masters degree, but work full time, have a family to take care of, or are a bit older and do not want to take the traditional college setting, the choice to go get a masters via online masters degree programs is one option to consider. Depending on the type of masters program you are trying to get your degree in, there is several accredited online degree seeking programs for you to consider. From an MBA, to masters in accounting, to getting your degree in nursing or the sciences; no matter what online masters degree programs you wish to enroll in, there are many online options to choose from.

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The most important thing to consider when choosing an online masters program is to find a university which is accredited in the type of degree option you are after. Visiting various online sites, researching several institutions, and gathering as much information as possible as to the masters program you wish to enroll in, is the best way to ensure you do choose the right program, and that you are going to receive your masters from a program that has been accredited in the particular field of study you are looking to go in to.

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The time requirements are also up to each student who enrolls in different online masters degree programs. Whether you choose to go full or part time, and depending on whether you want to do an accelerated program, or something that is going to take the full four years to complete, there are different course loads and scheduling options to consider when you are a student in an online masters degree seeking program as well. So, no matter how quickly you hope to finish, or how slowly you choose to go, there are different options to turn to for those who are considering the online route.

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Tips On How To Get Your Bad Credit Personal Loan Application Approved

In current times, the demand for bad credit personal loans has been on the rise. This can be attributed to the fact that the economy has not been very good. This coupled with the fact that commodity prices have been on the rise has led to most people having a bad credit history, which effectively locks them out of getting loans, If you are in such a position, you should not despair. Even if you have a bad credit history, you can still apply for and get a loan. There are certain loans which are specifically meant for such a demographic, and it would be a good idea to make use of them when you need to borrow money.

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A good example of a loan that you can take when you have a bad credit history is a payday advance. This is a kind of short term loan which is often paid within a month. As the name suggests, this kind of loan is often paid back when one receives his or her pay check at the end of the month, One good thing about this kind of loan is that it is very easy to apply for one. If you need it, all you have to do is find a website run by one of the lenders. For instance, if you live in the United States you can simply use Google to search for payday advance lenders who have online sites. You can then fill out the form and then wait for the money to be deposited in your account.

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When you apply for such loans, there are certain things that you need to do so as to increase the chances of getting approved. For instance, you need to know exactly what kind of documentation you need for the loan. For instance most payday advance dealers will require that you have proof of income, such as your pay slips for the past few months, In addition to that, you may also need to provide details of your bank account. Most lenders will deposit the money in your account after approval, especially when you are applying online. Also, most of them will automatically deduct the amount you are to repay at the end of the month from your account, making it more convenient to make payments.

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There are many people who are opponents of bad credit loans due to the fact that they seem to offer high interest rates. For instance, many payday advance lenders will charge a nominal fee of around $15 for each $100 one borrows. This may seem like a very high amount, but the fact of the matter is that they do this since they expose themselves to increased risk, In addition to that, the fact that such loans are often of very small amounts and are paid within a very short time means that the interest never accumulates to very large amounts, as would typical bank loans.When all is said and done, getting bad credit personal loans is not as hard as one might think. There are many companies which offer these facilities, and all one has to do is find one that suits them. By following the guide above, you can do this with relatively little trouble.

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